Do your gums bleed when you brush your teeth, or even with the slightest pressure? Do they look and feel swollen? If you said yes to these questions, you may be suffering from gum disease – and you have to get treatment as soon as possible before the condition worsens. Gum disease can be prevented by good oral hygiene habits and regular visits to your dentist, but more serious gum problems can be avoided with early treatment.
How are gum problems treated?
Scaling and root planing – these are both deep treatment cleaning options for gum disease. Tartar deposits are scraped off from above and below the gum line using scaling. Root planing, on the other hand, is used to remove the rough spots on the tooth roots, where harmful bacteria can stay and multiply to cause even more gum problems.
Medications – these include prescription antibacterial mouthwash, antibiotic gels, enzyme suppressants, antibiotic microspheres, and oral antibiotics that can be used together with deep cleaning treatments to solve gum problems. If the gum problem has progressed, a deep cleaning treatment combined with medications may not be enough to fully solve the issue.
Surgical treatments – surgery may be needed in the case of severe gum disease, and when deep cleaning treatments and medications cannot complete solutions. Flap surgery involves the lifting of the gum tissue (to form a flap) so that the dentist can access the deep-seated tartar deposits. After the removal of these deposits, the gum tissue is stitched back into place.
Gum/soft tissue graft – this is used to address gum tissue loss. Gum tissue harvested from another part of the mouth, or a synthetic material, is used to cover the exposed tooth roots as a result of the gum disease.